In the Field
In the Ngorongoro and Serengeti districts, our Development Advisors work with our National Personnel Advisors to improve natural resource management and benefit-sharing at the local level. As agreed with Ngorongoro and Serengeti District Authorities, we provide support in the following areas:
- Coordination with stakeholders outside the district, within the District Council structure, and between District Departments (Ngorongoro and Serengeti);
- Establishment of an integrated planning framework at the district level (Ngorongoro and Serengeti);
- Upward and downward accountability of the District Council (Serengeti); and
- Revenue situation of the district (Ngorongoro).
Our staff is centrally managed by NRM Project Manager Dr. Dorothe Nett and supervised by the District Executive Director of the district in which the field work is carried out. Find out more about who is doing the job here.
Governance Training for local leaders in the Serengeti District
Many conflicts at local level have to do with use of the natural resources available to villagers. These can be land, water, grassland, wildlife, forests, etc. Yet, at that level local leaders have poor knowledge of laws and bylaws, rules, regulations and administrative procedures. We at GIZ believe that for local problems local solutions need to be sought first.
This approach enables the local population and their leaders to cope independently. It is for this reason that we support the district officers in Mugumu to provide governance training to Village Executive Officers (VEO), Ward Executive Officers (WEO), Village Councillors and Divisional Officers in the district. The main issues covered during the training sessions in 4 divisions were: Statutory Village, Ward and Divisional meetings; Reporting; Communication, Record keeping, Office operations, Bylaws, Planning and Budgeting, Procurement, Financial reporting, all with emphasis on Natural Resources Management. The training was highly appreciated by the participants, a second round of training is foreseen for the 4th quarter of this year, where we also intend to introduce the VEO Reference Book called ‘Mafunzo ya kuboresha ujuzi na stadi za kazi kwa Maafisa Watendaji wa Vijiji na Mitaa, Tanzania Bara – Kitabu cha Rejea’
Relief Funds for Wildlife induced Losses in the Serengeti District
The villages of Issenye Ward are bordering on the Grumeti Game Reserve, north of the Western Corridor of Serengeti National Park. It often happens that herds of elephants leave the reserve and go foraging in villagers’ fields, with disastrous consequences. Families may lose their entire annual food supply in one night. Apart from the so-called ‘Consolation Fund’, there are no adequate arrangements in place that would alleviate such losses, leaving the villagers with negative attitudes towards wildlife. Instead of perceiving wildlife as an asset that would attract tourists and thus income, they see intruding animals as a threat and indeed as vermin that needs to be exterminated. In its quest to reverse this perception and to find mitigating measures for the losses incurred, the Natural Resource Management Project of the Serengeti District Council is investigating the possibility of using some of the active Village Community Banks (VICOBA) in the Ward to set up small funds from within the VICOBA that could act as ‘relief funds’ that would assist the affected families and tide them over in their period of need. So far, the response from 5 VICOBA groups has been positive and the number of VICOBA groups participating will be expanded to 14. Currently the project is designing a training programme – based on specially designed questionnaires - that will capacitate the members to administer such fund. This approach is conform GIZ’s policy of building capacity onto existing structures and practices, rather than introducing new ideas.
Capacity Building on GIS for better Management of Natural Resources at Ngorongoro District Council
The GIZ - Natural Resource Management (NRM) Project is assisting the Ngorongoro District Council (NDC) in land use planning and natural resource management against a backdrop of long-standing land use conflicts within the district. These conflicts, which mostly revolve around incompatible uses of natural resources, are considered roadblocks on the way to development in the district. Aside from land use planning, the NDC is overseeing natural resource management within the district with Game Officers and Rangers involved in patrolling wildlife corridors and reporting incidents of human-animal conflicts, incidents of wildlife poaching, or illegal logging. In this context, the GIZ team response to a request from NDC to support implementing a Geographic Information System (GIS) at the district council offices in Loliondo. The GIS is expected to serve different district council departments in planning, managing and monitoring of land use, land registration, and natural resource management
After a kick off workshop for the GIS implementation process in November 2015 the respective district staff now participates in various training sessions facilitated by ESRI Kenia and Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI) on the use of GIS for natural resource management.